Russian Railways is a major natural resource user operating in 77 regions of Russia.
In line with the government’s environmental priorities, Russian Railways’ efforts are focused on improving environmental safety, ensuring rational use of resources and preserving natural systems.
- upgrade of ca. 22 heat supply utilities using resource saving solutions;
- construction and upgrade of nine treatment facilities for industrial, utility and sanitary effluents using best available technologies;
- liquidation of 12 sites of accumulated environmental damage;
- continued renovation of an industrial landfill.
As part of Russia’s obligations under the Stockholm Convention, Russian Railways, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, and UNIDO Centre for Industrial Cooperation are running a pilot project to destroy equipment and materials containing highly toxic polychlorinated biphenyl.
Every year, Russian Railways’ employees ensure proper sanitary condition of the railway infrastructure area bordering specially protected natural territories. A special focus is placed on fire fighting measures. The railway infrastructure areas are regularly inspected for unauthorised waste deposits, firebreaks made, wood scrap and used rails removed, and dry wood and bushes cut down. Parts of tracks often crossed by animals are equipped with reflective tape, and are monitored together with forestry and hunting sector representatives.
- in February, Russian Railways was awarded a letter of recognition from the Russian President for its contribution to the Year of the Environment in Russia;
- in August, the Railway Stations Directorate (branch of Russian Railways) received a diplloma for the Best Environmental Performance Tracking System from the Green Office 2018 initiative committee. It celebrates commitment to environmental management aimed at mitigating the negative impact through rational use of natural resources.
- construction of new and renovation of existing boilers;
- transition of boilers to greener fuel (natural gas, pellets, renewable energy sources);
- improved efficiency of fuel burning;
- introduction of electric heating;
- disposal of underutilised coal boilers;
- upgrade of existing and installation of new dust and gas collectors.
Up to 80% of waste generated by Russian Railways is reused or recycled. Most of it (ferrous and non-ferrous scrap metals and used petroleum products) is handled by waste processing professionals. Waste is also reused within the Company.
- separate waste collection in service and office buildings and at train stations;
- reduced paper consumption (transition to electronic workflow);
- reduced polyethylene waste generation (transition to biodegradable bags);
- reduced ash and slag generation (upgrade of boilers);
- reduced mercury waste generation (transition to LED lighting).
Reduction of GHG emissions
The Company works to reduce its GHG emissions by supporting the green economy. Its initiatives are focused on energy saving, green solutions, renewable and alternative energy sources.
- upgrade of existing boilers and their transition to greener fuel;
- reduced fuel and energy consumption;
- replacement of the outdated rolling stock with newer, more environmentally friendly options.